Quick Answer: How Would You Describe A Head Injury?

What are the 3 main categories of a head injury?

What are the major types of head injuries?Hematoma.

A hematoma is a collection, or clotting, of blood outside the blood vessels.

Hemorrhage.

A hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding.

Concussion.

A concussion occurs when the impact on the head is severe enough to cause brain injury.

Edema.

Skull fracture.

Diffuse axonal injury..

How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?

Symptoms may include: Mild head injury: Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise….Moderate to severe head injury (requires immediate medical attention)–symptoms may include any of the above plus:Loss of consciousness.Severe headache that does not go away.Repeated nausea and vomiting.More items…

What is a concussion test?

Concussion testing evaluates your brain’s processing and thinking (cognitive) function after a head injury. A baseline concussion test may be performed before a sports season starts for athletes at risk of head injuries.

What are the 4 categories of concussion symptoms?

Concussion SymptomsConfusion or feeling dazed.Clumsiness.Slurred speech.Nausea or vomiting.Headache.Balance problems or dizziness.Blurred vision.Sensitivity to light.More items…•

What should you do if you hit your head really bad?

Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body: One pupil larger than the other. Drowsiness or inability to wake up. A headache that gets worse and does not go away.

What are the symptoms of a slow brain bleed?

What Are the Symptoms of a Slow Brain Bleed?Persistent headaches that become worse over time.Changes in behavior.Nausea.Vomiting.Lethargy.Weakness.Confusion.Apathy.More items…

What do you call a brain injury?

traumatic brain injury (TBI) — damage to living brain tissue caused by an external, mechanical force. It is usually characterized by a period of altered consciousness (amnesia or coma) that can be very brief (minutes) or very long (months/indefinitely).

How do you know if your brain is bleeding after hitting your head?

Seek immediate medical attention after a blow to the head if you: Lose consciousness. Have a persistent headache. Experience vomiting, weakness, blurred vision, unsteadiness.

What is the most common type of brain injury?

These are the most common causes for a traumatic brain injury (TBI): Motor vehicle accidents. Falls. Violence or gunshot wound.

What are two types of brain injuries?

There are two types of brain injury: traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury. Both disrupt the brain’s normal functioning. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is caused by an external force — such as a blow to the head — that causes the brain to move inside the skull or damages the skull.

How long should you stay awake after hitting head?

In fact, experts now recognize rest as an essential part of recovering from a mild head injury, especially during the first three to five days. But if you don’t fit this criteria, see your healthcare provider right away. Even without any symptoms of a serious concussion, it’s best to err on the side of caution.

How do eyes look when you have a concussion?

After more serious head injuries are excluded, a diagnosis of concussion can be made. Medical professionals have long used the pupillary light reflex—usually in the form of a penlight test where they shine a light into a patient’s eyes—to assess severe forms of brain injury.

How do you treat a head injury at home?

1. Care for a Minor Scalp WoundWash the area with mild soap and water.To stop bleeding, use a sterile cloth and apply pressure for 10 minutes.Ice the area for 20 minutes using ice wrapped in a towel or cloth. Ice the area again after an hour to reduce swelling and pain.

How do you classify a head injury?

Head injuries may be categorized in several ways. Injuries are classified by mechanism (closed vs. penetrating injury), morphology (fractures, focal intracranial injury and diffuse intracranial injury), and severity (mild, moderate and severe).

What happens during head injury?

Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. More-serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries can result in long-term complications or death.

How would you describe the pain of a concussion?

Characteristics: Following a concussion, you can develop a headache that resembles a migraine headache. Pain tends to be in the front of the head area of your forehead or temple. It is commonly described as a ‘pounding’ or ‘throbbing’ pain. It is sometimes associated with nausea and sensitivity to light and noise.

Can I sleep if I hit my head?

Dr. Alexander says that a concussion is a head injury that sometimes involves loss of consciousness but is not associated with internal bleeding. Unless a doctor says the person needs further treatment, the injured person should sleep and rest.

How long after hitting head can concussion symptoms start?

“For some people, the symptoms after a concussion may not become apparent until later in the day,” says Beth Kolar, advanced clinician at Bryn Mawr Rehabilitation Hospital, part of Main Line Health, who explains that delayed concussion symptoms may present 24 to 48 hours after and injury.

What are some examples of traumatic brain injuries?

Primary InjuryIntracranial Hemotomas. Intracranial hematomas are the rupture of a blood vessel leading to the collection of blood in brain tissues or empty spaces. … Skull Fractures. … Contusions/Coup-Countrecoup. … Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)